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A B C D E F G H I J K M N O P R S T U W Y Z
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Hiragana Romaji English
A
   あびる abiru wash, clean up
   あぶない abunai dangerous
   あがる agaru go up
   あげる ageru give
   あいだ aida interval
   あいまい(な) aimai (na) vague
   あいさつ aisatsu greeting
   あいそう aisoo bill, invoice
   あじ aji flavor, taste
   あかい akai red
   あかるい akarui light
   あけましておめでとう’ございます akemashite omedetoo gozaimasu Happy New Year
   あける akeru open
   あまい amai sweet
   あまり・あんまり amari / anmari not that much (w/ negative verb)
   あめ ame rain
   あなた anata you
   あね ane older sister
   あに ani older brother
   あんない annai guidance, guide
   あんぜん anzen safety
   あおい aoi blue, green
   あらう arau wash
   あらわれる arawareru appear
   あらわす arawasu show [s.t.], demonstrate, indicate
   ありがとうございます arigatoo gozaimasu Thank you
   ある aru have
   あるく aruku walk
   あさ asa morning
   あさごはん asagohan breakfast
   あさって asatte day after tomorrow
   あし ashi foot, leg
   あした ashita tomorrow
   あそぶ asobu play (games, a sport), go out and party
   あす asu tomorrow morning
   あたえる ataeru give, present [s.t.]
   あたま atama head
   あたらしい atarashii new
   あたたかい atatakai warm
   あと ato after
   あつい atsui hot
   あう au fit, harmonize
   あう au 2 meet
   あわてる awateru hurry, be flustered
B
   ばあい ba'ai case, version
   ばいきゃく baikyaku acquisition, purchase
   ばかり bakari only, just
   ばんごはん bangohan dinner
   ばんごう bangoo number (telephone, etc.)
   ばんぐみ bangumi program ( TV, etc. )
   ばしょ basho place
   ばす、ばすてい basu, basutei bus, bus stop
   べんごし bengoshi lawyer, attorney
   べんきょう benkyoo study
   べんり benri convenience
   びじゅつ bijutsu art
   びる biru building
   びよういん biyooin beauty salon
   ぼっけん bokken wooden sword
   ぼうし booshi hat
   ぶじ buji without incident, safely
   ぶんがく bungaku literature
   ぶんか bunka culture
   ぶんめい bunmei (material) civilization
   ぶんしょ bunsho a sentence
   ぶた buta pig
   びょう byoo second (clock)
   びょういん byooin hospital
   びょうき byooki illness, sickness
C
   ち chi blood
   ちがう chigau be different, be wrong
   ちほう chihoo region
   ちいさい chiisai small
   ちから chikara strength, power, ability
   ちかてつ chikatetsu subway
   ちきゅう chikyu universe
   ちりがく chirigaku geography
   ちしき chishiki knowledge
   ちず chizu map
   ちょくせつ chokusetsu direct, straight
   ちょうし chooshi condition
   ちょうしょく chooshoku breakfast
   ちょしゃ chosha author
   ちょっと chotto a while
   ちゅうもん chuumon (restaurant, etc.) order, request
   ちゅうしゃ chuushajo parking lot
   ちゅうしょく chuushoku lunch
D
   だいどころ daidokoro kitchen
   だいがく daigaku university
   だいがくせい daigakusei university student
   だいひょう daihyoo representation
   だいじょうぶ daijoobu all right, as in no problem, nothing wrong
   だいもく daimoku subject, topic
   だいたい daitai generally
   だけ dake only, just
   だめ dame bad, don't do that
   だん dan grade, step;black belt ranks, like shodan, nidan, sandan
   だんだん dandan gradually
   だんかい dankai a step, grade, stage
   だんせい dansei male, man
   だんたい dantai group, association
   だれ dare who
   だす dasu put out, emit
   で de at, by, with
   でぐち deguchi exit
   でかける dekakeru go out
   できごと dekigoto incident, occurrence
   できる dekiru can, able to
   でんち denchi battery
   でんき denki electricity, lamp, light
   でんきだま denkidama lightbulb
   でんきや denkiya electrical shop
   でんしゃ densha train
   でんとう dentoo tradition
   でんわ denwa telephone
   でる deru go out, come out
   です desu be, exist
   どち(ら) dochi(ra) which
   どこ doko where
   どくりつ dokuritsu independence
   どんどん dondon increasingly
   どんな donna what kind / type of
   どの dono which (+ object)
   どう doo how
   どうぶつ doobutsu animal
   どうぐ doogu tool, instrument
   どうして dooshite why
   どうぞよろしく(おねがいします) doozo yoroshiku (onegai shimasu ) glad to meet you
   どれ dore which
   どようび doyoobi saturday
E
   えだ eda branch
   えいが eiga movie, film
   えいがかん eigakan movie theater
   えいきょう eikyoo influence
   えき eki (train, subway) station
   えんぴつ enpitsu pencil
   えらぶ erabu choose, select
   えらい erai famous, illustrious
F
   ふべん fuben inconvenience
   ふだん fudan normal, regular, usual
   ふきん fukin neighborhood, vicinity
   ふん fun minute (clock)
   ふね fune ship, boat
   ふれる fureru feel, touch [s.t.], come in contact with
   ふりがな furigana Reduced-size kana next to complex kanji compounds to indicate pronunciation
   ふる furu fall (rain, snow), wave
   ふるい furui old (but not of people's age)
   ふたり futari two persons
   ふたたび futatabi twice
   ふたつ futatsu two
   ふとい futoi fat, thick
   ふとる futoru fatten, gain weight
   ふつう futsuu usual
G
   が ga subject particle
   がいこく(じん) gaikoku, gaikokujin foreign country, foreigner (non-Japanese)
   がいねん gainen concept
   がいしょく gaishoku dining out
   がっき gakki school term (semester, quarter, etc.)
   がっこう gakkoo school
   がくせい gakusei (university) student
   がまん gaman patience
   がんばる gambaru strive, try hard, make an effort
   がっぺい gappei merger, acquisition
   げいじゅつ geijutsu technique, technology
   げんいん gen'in cause
   げんだい gendai contemporary
   げんかん genkan entrance
   げんき genki healthy
   げんざい genzai current time, the present
   げつようび getsuyoobi monday
   ぎじゅつ gijutsu crafts, craftsmanship
   ぎむ gimu duty, obligation
   ぎんこう ginkoo bank
   ご go five
   ごばい gobai five times ( counter )
   ごちそうさまでした gochisoosama deshita the meal was delicious
   ごがつ gogatsu May
   ごご gogo p.m.
   ごはん、めし gohan, meshi rice, cooked
   ごほん・いっぽん・にほん・さんぼん gohon/ippon, etc 5 / cylindrical object ( counter )
   ごこ goko 5 units ( counter )
   ごめんください gomen kudasai excuse me
   ごめんあさい gomen nasai excuse me
   ごおり goori reason
   ごうりてき gooriteki rational, sensible
   ごぜん gozen a.m.
   ぐたいてき gutaiteki ni concretely, definitely
   ぎょうむ gyoomu work, employment
H
   は ha leaf
   はち hachi eight
   はちがつ hachigatsu August
   はげしい hageshii violent, abrupt
   はいけい haikei background
   はいる hairu enter
   はいしゃ haisha dentist
   はいゆう haiyuu actor / actress
   はじまる hajimaru [s.t.] begins, starts
   はじめまして hajimemashite how do you do?
   はじめる hajimeru start or begin [s.t.]
   はかり hakari weighing scale
   はかる hakaru measure, count
   はっきり hakkiri clear
   はこ hako box
   はこぶ hakobu carry
   はく haku wear (below the waist, shoes, pants, skirt, socks)
   はくぶつかん hakubutsukan museum
   はな hana nose
   はな hana 2 flower
   はなれる hanareru separate from
   はなす hanasu talk, discuss
   はなつ hanatsu separate
   はんばい hanbai trade, commerce
   はんみ hanmi half body, as in facing forward with left or right foot forward
   はら hara center of the body, just below the navel
   はらう harau pay (bills, etc.)
   はれ hare clear weather
   はれる hareru become clear, become sunny
   はし hashi bridge
   はし hashi 2 chopsticks
   はしる hashiru run
   はたらく hataraku do work
   はたす hatasu Execute, carry out (a task or function)
   はつおん hatsuon pronunciation
   はったつ hattatsu development
   はってん hatten development
   はやい hayai early, fast
   はやる hayaru be popular
   はやし hayashi woods
   はず hazu ought
   へいほう heihoo square ( measurement )
   へいき heiki relaxed, mellow
   へいわ heiwa peace
   へんじ henji answer
   へた heta na unskillful
   へや heya room
   ひ hi 1 day, sun
   ひ hi 2 fire
   ひだり hidari left
   ひどい hidoi severe, terrible
   ひがし higashi east
   ひじょう hijoo ni very
   ひかり hikari ray of light
   ひこうじょ hikoojo airport
   ひこうき hikooki airplane
   ひく hiku pull, look up (as in dictionary)
   ひくい hikui low
   ひま hima free time
   ひみつ himitsu secret
   ひんしつ hinshitsu quality
   ひらがな hiragana Japanese syllabary, for conjugations, declensions, particles, any Japanese word without a character
   ひらく hiraku open
   ひろう hirou pick up [s.t.], gather
   ひるごはん hirugohan lunch
   ひるま hiruma daytime
   ひしょ hisho secretary
   ひそかに hisoka ni secretly
   ひと hito person
   ひとり hitori one person
   ひとつ hitotsu one
   ひとつ・ふたつ hitotsu, futatsu one, two items ( counter )
   ほど hodo up to ( a limit )
   ほか hoka other
   ほん hon book
   ほんぶ honbu headquarters
   ほんしゃ honsha head office
   ほんと honto truth
   ほんや honya bookstore
   ほうが・・・より・・・ hoo ga ... yori rather ... than
   ほうがく hoogaku (field of, study of) law
   ほうほう hoohoo way to do something
   ほうこう hookoo direction
   ほうもん hoomon visit
   ほうりつ hooritsu law
   ほうそう(きょく) hoosoo (kyoku) (radio, TV, etc.) broadcast (station)
   ほうっておく hootteoku leave alone, neglect
   ほれんそう horensoo spinach
   ほし hoshi star
   ほしlがる hoshigaru long for, covet
   ほしい hoshii desire, want
   ほしいままな hoshiimama na arbitrary, despotic, egoistic, self-centered
   ほそい hosoi thin, narrow
   ほそながい hosonagai long and narrow (combines hosoi and nagai)
   ほとんど hotondo nearly, almost
   ひゃく hyaku hundred
   ひょうばん hyooban reputation
I
   いち ichi one
   いちば ichiba market
   いちばん ichiban first
   いちど ichido, etc. one time ( counter )
   いちがつ ichigatsu January
   いちまい ichimai one flat object ( counter )
   いえ ie house
   いがく igaku medicine, medical science
   いい ii good (see yoi to conjugate
   いかが ikaga how
   いきる ikiru live, exist
   いっかい ikkai, etc. once ( counter )
   いっきょ ikkyo ( omote and ura ) first "form" throw
   いく iku go to
   いくにん) ikunin how many people
   いくら ikura how much (cost)
   いくつ ikutsu how many
   いま ima now, present time
   いま ima 2 living room
   いみ imi meaning
   いきょ inkyo retirement
   いのち inochi life
   いぬ inu dog
   いらっしゃいrませ irasshaimase please come in
   いらっある irassharu come, go, be
   いれる ireru insert
   いりぐち iriguchi entrance
   いりみ irimi front entry
   いろ iro color
   いろいろ iroiro na several
   いる iru are, be ( in a location )
   いしゃ isha(san) physician, doctor
   いし ishi stone
   いしき ishiki consciousness
   いそがしい isogashii busy
   いそぐ isogu hasten, be busy
   いっさくねん issakunen two years ago, year before last
   いっさつ issatsu one book/magazine etc. ( counter )
   いっしょ issho together
   いす isu chair
   いただきます itadakimasu i'm starting to eat
   いただく itadaku accept, receive
   いつ itsu when
   いつつ itsutsu five
   いっていらっしゃい itte irasshai see you later!
   いってきます itte kimasu i'm going out
   いってまいります itte mairimasu i'm going out
   いう iu say
J
   じ ji hour, o'clock
   じ ji 2 word, (Japanese) character
   じびき jibiki dictionary
   じぶん jibun self
   じだい jidai era, age
   じどうしゃ jidoosha automobile
   じじつ jijitsu reality
   じじょう jijoo situation, circumstance, condition
   じかん jikan time duration
   じけん jiken incident, occurrence
   じむしょ jimusho office
   じんぐ jingu Buddhist temple
   じんじゃ jinja Shinto temple
   じんせい jinkoo population
   じんるいがく jinruigaku anthropology
   じんこう jinsei life
   じさ jisa jet lag
   じしん jishin confidence
   じしん jishin 2 earthquake
   じしょ jisho dictionary
   じっさい jissa reality
   じてんしゃ jitensha bicycle
   じゆう jiyuu free, freedom
   じょう joo wooden staff
   じょうぶ, げんき joobu na healthy, well, OK
   じょうたい jootai situation, circumstance
   じょうず joozu na skillful, good at
   |じょせい josei female, girl
   じゅんばん junban turn
   じゅんび junbi preparation
   じゅんじょ junjo sequence
   じゅんかん junkan cycle
   じゅう・と juu ( to ) ten
   じゅうがつ juugatsu October
   じゅういちがつ juuichigatsu November
   じゅうにがつ juunigatsu December
   じゅうしょ、あてな juusho, atena address (of a building)
   じゅうたく juutaku house, residence
K
   か ka question mark, or
   かばん kaban bag, luggage
   かぶしきがいしゃ kabushikigaisha corporation (lit. stock company)
   かど kado corner
   かえる kaeru return from
   かえる kaeru 2 frog
   かえす kaesu return [s.t.], give back, turn back
   かがく kagaku science, chemistry (two different kanji
   かげ kage shade, shadow
   かぎる kagiru be limited, restricted
   かいちょう kaichoo company chairman
   かいだん kaidan stairs
   かいがん kaigan beach
   かいぎ kaigi meeting, conference
   かいもの kaimono purchases, shopping
   かいしゃ kaisha company
   かいてん kaiten revolve, pivot 180-degree in place
   かいわ kaiwa conversation
   かじ kaji fire, conflagration
   かかる kakaru take ( time )
   かかわり kakawari involvement
   かける kakeru dial up ( on telephone )
   かこ kako past
   かく kaku write
   かくれる kakureru be hidden
   かくす kakusu hide [s.t.]
   かまえ kamae stance
   かみ kami paper
   かみ(のけ) kami (no ke) hair
   かみなり kaminari lightning
   かもく kamoku lesson, course
   かむ kamu bite, chew
   かな(ひらがな、かたかな) kana Syllabary of Japanese sounds (hiragana, katakana)
   かならず kanarazu definitely, certainly
   かなり kanari fairly, considerably, tolerably
   かなしい kanashii sad
   かんばん kanban billboard
   かね kane metal, money
   かねもち kanemochi rich person
   んがえる kangaeru think (about something)
   かんじ kanji (Japanese/Chinese) character
   かんじる kanjiru feel
   かんじょう kanjoo bill, invoice
   かんけい kankei relationship
   かんこう kankoo tourism
   かのじょ kanojo she
   かんれき kanreki calendar
   かんしん kanshin admiration
   かんたん kantan na simple
   かんぜん kanzen perfect, perfection
   かお kao face
   から kara because, from
   からだ karada body
   かれ kare he
   かりる kariru borrow
   かす kasu lend
   かた kata shoulder
   かたち katachi shape, form
   かたい katai hard, firm
   かたかな katakana Japanese syllabary, used for imported/foreign words
   かたくるしい katakurushii formal
   かたまる katamaru become hard, harden
   かためる katameru harden [s.t.]
   かたむい katamuki tendency, trend
   かたる kataru tell ( a story )
   かたずける katazukeru clean up
   かてい katei family, home
   かつ katsu win
   かつどう katsudoo activity
   かつこい katsukoi clever
   かったら kattara if (following a verb or adjective)
   かって katte selfish, wilful, self-centered
   かう kau buy
   かわ kawa river
   かわ kawa 2 skin
   かわいい kawaii cute
   かわいそう kawaisoo na pitiful, sad
   かわる kawaru [s.t.] changes
   かようび kayoobi tuesday
   かぜ kaze wind
   かぞえる kazoeru count (numbers)
   かぞく kazoku family
   かず kazu number(s)
   ければ ke(re)ba if (following a verb or adjective)
   けが kega injury
   けいえい keiei management
   けいかく keikaku plan, scheme
   けいけん keiken experience
   けいき keiki cake, pastry
   けいこ keiko (physical) practice, exercise
   けいさん keisan calculation
   けいさんき keisanki calculator
   けいさつ keisatsu police
   けいたい keitai cell phone
   けっか kekka result
   けっこん kekkon wedding
   けっこう kekkoo fine, well
   けん ken prefecture
   けんぶつ kenbutsu sightseeing
   けんか kenka fight, argument
   けんこう kenkoo health
   けれども keredo(mo) but, although
   けっさん kessan accounts, P&L
   けす kesu erase
   き ki tree
   き ki 2 energy, feeling
   きがつきましたか ki ga tsukimashita ka did you notice
   きをつけてください ki-wo tsukete kudasai be careful
   きあい kiai energy
   きびしい kibishii strict
   きふ kifu contribution, donation
   きげん kigen wellbeing
   きいろい kiiroi yellow
   きかい kikai machine
   きかい kikai 2 opportunity
   きかん kikan body organ
   きく kiku hear, ask
   きめる kimeru decide
   きもち kimochi feeling
   きねんび kinenbi memorial day, anniversary
   きんじょ kinjo neighborhood, vicinity
   きのう kinoo function
   きのう kinoo 2 yesterday
   きにょうび kinyoobi Friday
   きにゅう kinyuu finance
   きんざい kinzai recent time
   きおく kioku memory
   きっぷ kippu ticket
   きらい kirai dislikable
   きれい kirei na beautiful
   きる kiru wear
   きる kiru 2 cut
   きせつ kisetsu season
   きっさてん kissaten coffee shop
   きた kita north
   こ(ども) ko(domo) child
   こち・そち・あち kochi / sochi / achi this one/ that one
   こちら・そちら・あちら kochira / sochira / achira here/ there
   こどく kodoku solitude
   こえ koe voice
   こえる koeru exceed
   ここ・そこ・あそこ koko / soko / asoko here / there
   ここのつ kokonotsu nine
   こころ kokoro heart, spirit
   こくみん kokumin citizen(s)
   こくさい kokusai international
   こきゅう kokyuu breath or breathing
   こまる komaru to be troublesome
   こめ kome rice, uncooked
   こもん komon adviser
   こんげつ kongetsu this month
   こんあ・そんあ・あんあ konna / sonna / anna this way/ that way
   この・その・あの kono / sono / ano ( + mono ) this / that ( + object )
   このましい konomashii desirable, agreeable
   こんしゅう konshuu this week
   こう・そう・ああ koo / soo / aa this way / that way
   こうえん kooen park
   こうがく koogaku engineering
   こうぎょう koogyoo industry, manufacturing
   こうはい koohai junior student, i.e. one having less experience than a sempai
   こうじょう koojoo factory
   こうか kooka effect
   こうきゅう kookyuu top grade, high quality
   こうさてん koosaten crossing
   こうそくどうろ koosokudooro highway
   こうつう kootsuu traffic
   これ・それ・あれ kore / sore / are this / that
   ころ koro / goro approximate (time)
   こし koshi hip
   こたえる kotaeru answer, reply, respond
   こと koto (abstract) thing
   ことがある koto ga aru have ever done [ something ]
   ことができる koto ga dekiru can do [ something ]
   ことにきめる koto ni kimeru decide to do [ something ]
   ことになる koto ni naru become [ something ]
   ことにする koto ni suru decide to do [ something ]
   ことし kotoshi this year
   ことわる kotowaru refuse
   こわい kowai dangerous
   こずかい kozukai pocket money
   くばる kubaru distribute
   くび kubi neck
   くち kuchi mouth
   くだもの kudamono fruit
   くだらない kudaranai insignificant
   くださる kudasaru receive
   くどい kudoi tiresome
   くがつ kugatsu September
   くじら kujira whale
   くみあい kumiai union (labor, etc.)
   くも kumo cloud
   くも kumo 2 bear
   くもる kumoru be cloudy
   くに kuni country, one's home region
   くらべる kuraberu compare, contrast
   くらい kurai dark
   くらい・ぐらい kurai / gurai approximate (length of time)
   くれる kureru receive
   くろい kuroi black
   くる kuru come from
   くるま kuruma cart, automobile
   くるしい kurushii painful
   くさ kusa grass
   くさい kusai smelly
   くすり kusuri medicine
   くつ kutsu shoes
   くつした kutsushita socks
   くうこお kuukoo airport
   くわえる kuwaeru increase [s.t.], augment
   くわしい kuwashii detailed, specific
   きゃく(さん) kyaku(san) guest, client, customer, visitor
   きょねん kyonen last year
   きょう kyoo today
   きょうだい kyoodai brothers and sisters, siblings
   きょうどう kyoodoo community, partner, coordination
   きょういく kyooiku education
   きょうかしょ kyookasho textbook
   きょうみ kyoomi interest
   きょうりょく kyooryoku cooperation
   きょうそう kyoosoo competition
   きゅう kyuu 1 nine
   きゅう kyuu 2 rank, level or grade in martial arts
   きゅうに kyuu ni suddenly, urgently
   きゅうっじつ kyuujitsu holiday
   きゅうけい kyuukei vacation, holiday, time off
   きゅうりょう kyuuryoo salary
L
M
   まあい ma'ai interval
   まち machi village
   まちがい machigai error
   まちがう machigau be wrong, make a mistake
   まだ mada not yet
   まで made until
   まど mado window
   まえ mae before
   まがる magaru to turn ( a corner )
   まいにち mainichi every day
   まこと makoto (capital T) truth
   まん man ten thousand
   まなぶ manabu learn
   まぬく manuku invite
   まんぞく manzoku satisfaction
   まっすぐ massugu straight ahead
   まつ matsu wait, await
   まわる mawaru turn [s.t.] around
   まず mazu first
   まずい mazui awful
   め me eye
   めがね megane eyeglasses
   めぐむ megumu be blessed
   めぐる meguru circle, surround
   めいわくl meiwaku troublesome, trouble
   めじるし mejirushi sign, signpost, symbol
   めん men face or head
   めつけ metsuke eye line
   めざましどけい mezamashidokei alarm clock
   めずらしい mezurashii unusual
   みち michi road, street
   みどり midori green
   みぎ migi right
   みじかい mijikai short
   みみ mimi ear
   みなみ minami south
   みにくい minikui ugly
   みんな・みなさん minna, minasan all, everyone, everybody
   みんしゅしゅぎ minshushugi democracy
   みんぞく minzoku national / tribal group
   みらい mirai future
   みる miru see, watch, observe
   みせ mise store, shop
   みせる miseru show, demonstrate
   みそぎ misogi purification breathing
   みつける mitsukeru find, discover
   みっともない mittomonai disgraceful
   みっつ mittsu three
   みず mizu water
   みずうみ mizuumi lake
   も mo also, even
   も・・・も mo ... mo both ... and
   もち mochi rice cakes
   もち mochi 2 a hold
   もくてき mokuteki purpose, goal
   もくようび mokuyoobi Thursday
   もん mon gate
   もんだい mondai problem
   もの mono person, (concrete) thing
   ものがたり monogatari tale, story
   もう moo already
   もらう morau receive
   もり mori forest
   もし moshi if
   もとめる motomeru request, ask for
   もとずける motozukeru base s.t. on
   もとずく motozuku be based on, depend on
   もつ motsu have, hold [s.t.]
   もったいない mottainai wasteful
   もっていく・もってくる・もってかえる motte iku / motte kuru / kaeru take, bring
   むぎ mugi wheat
   むかし mukashi olden times
   むかう mukau face, go to meet
   むく muku face, turn toward
   むね mune chest
   むら mura hamlet
   むらさき murasaki purple
   むしあさって mushi asatte two days from today
   むすこ musuko son
   むすめ musume girl, young woman, daughter
   んむつ mutsu six
   むずかしい muzukashii difficult
N
   など nado so forth, so on, etc.
   ながい nagai long
   ながら nagara while
   ながれる nagareru flow
   ながす nagasu pour [s.t.]
   なげ nage throw or person throwing
   なげる nageru throw [s.t.]
   ないといけません nai to ikemasen must, have to [ do something ]
   ないしょ naisho private/personal matter
   なか naka inside, middle
   なかったら nakattara if not [ something ]
   なければ nakereba if not [ something ]
   なければなりません・いけません nakereba narimasen / ikemasen must, have to [ do something ]
   なくす nakusu eliminate, get rid of
   なくてはなりません・いけません nakute wa narimasen / ikemasen must, have to [ do something ]
   なまえ namae name
   なん(い) nan(i) what
   ななつ nanatsu seven
   なにか nanika something
   なんとか nantoka something or other
   なおる naoru improve, correct, get better
   なおす naosu to make better
   なら nara if
   ならべる naraberu line up [s.t.]
   ならぶ narabu line up
   ならう narau learn
   なれる nareru become used to, accustomed to
   なる naru become
   なるほど naruhodo I see, I understand, I get it
   なつかしい natsukashii homesick, nostalgic
   なやむ nayamu regret
   なぜ naze why
   ねだん nedan price, cost
   ねかす nekasu put to sleep
   ねこ neko cat
   ねむる nemuru sleep
   ねる neru sleep
   ねっしん nesshin enthusiasm
   に ni two
   にかんして ni kanshite relating to [ something ]
   にくらべて ni kurabete compared to [ something ]
   にすぎません ni sugimasen is nothing more than [ something ]
   にたいして ni taishite contrasted or opposed to [ something ]
   にち nichi day
   にちようび nichiyoobi sunday
   にがつ nigatsu February
   にく niku meat
   にくい nikui hateful
   にくや nikuya butcher
   にもつ nimotsu suitcase, luggage
   にんげん ningen human being
   んきき ninki popularity
   にし nishi West
   にってい nittei daily schedule
   にわ niwa garden
   にわとり niwatori chicken
   の no of
   のぼる noboru climb, go up
   のみ nomi only, just
   のみもの nomimono drink
   のむ nomu drink
   のうぎょう noogyoo agriculture
   のうりょく nooryoku ability, skill
   のうと nooto notebook
   のる noru ride
   ぬれる nureru become wet
   にょうぼ nyoobo wife
O
   おばあさん obaasan grandmother
   おばさん obasan aunt
   おぼえる oboeru remember [s.t.], recall, recollect
   おちゃ ocha tea
   おちつく ochitsuku relax, rest
   おでかけですか odekake desu ka are you going out?
   おどろく odoroku be surprised
   おどる odoru dance
   おふぃす ofisu office
   おげんきですか ogenki desu ka how are you
   おいしい oishii delicious
   おじいさん ojiisan grandfather
   おじさん ojisan uncle
   おか oka hill
   おかあさん okaasan mother
   おかえりなさい okaerinasai welcome back
   おかしい okashii strange
   おきのどくです okinodoku desu i sympathize
   おきる okiru get up, arise
   おこなう okonau act, do
   おこる okoru occur
   おく oku place, put [s.t.]
   おくれる okureru be late, be delayed
   おくりあし okuriashi slide wih the leading foot first, then the trailing foot
   おくさん okusan wife
   おもに omo ni mainly
   おもいだす omoidasu remember
   おもいで omoide memento, souvenir、memory
   おもしろい omoshiroi interesting
   おもて omote front entry
   おもう omou think (in the sense of believe [s.t.]
   おなじ onaji same
   おなか・はら onaka / hara stomach
   おねがいします onegai shimasu please ( a request )
   おんがく ongaku music
   おんあ onna woman
   おおい ooi plentiful
   おおきい ookii large
   おおみず oomizu flood
   おりる oriru fall down, descend (stairs, etc.)
   おしえる oshieru teach
   おそらく osoraku probably, possibly
   おと・おん oto, on sound
   おとこ otoko man
   おとおさん otoosan father
   おととい ototoi day before yesterday
   おわる owaru end, finish
   およぐ oyogu swim
P
   ぱんや panya bakery
   ぱそこん pasocon personal computer
Q
R
   らいげつ raigetsu next month
   らいねん rainen next year
   らいしゅう raishuu next week
   らんどり randori attack by multiple, usually four, uke
   らしい rashii seems to be
   れい rei example
   れいぞうこ reizooko refrigerator
   れきし rekishi history
   れんらく renraku connection, relationship
   れんしゅう renshuu practice, exercise
   れすとらん resutoran restaurant
   りえき rieki profits
   りはつや・とこや rihatsuya / tokoya barber
   りっぱ rippa na splendid
   りよう riyoo use, apply
   りゆう riyuu reason [ to do s.t. ]
   ろく roku six
   ろぅがつ rokugatsu June
   ろうか rooka hallway
   るす rusu absence, absent, missing
   りょこう ryokoo travel, trip
   りょう ryoo both
   りょうり ryoori food, meal, cooking, cuisine
   りょおしん ryooshin parents
S
   さばき sabaki body alignment
   さがる sagaru descend, go down
   さがす sagasu search
   さげる sageru lower [s.t.]
   さいばん saiban legal judgment, trial
   さいだい saidai largest, greatest
   さいきん saikin recent
   さいこう saikoo most expensive, highest
   さいのう sainoo talent
   さいてい saitei lowest
   さかん sakan na famous, well-known, popular
   さかな sakana fish
   さかなや sakanaya fish shop
   さくぶん sakubun composition
   さくひん sakuhin product
   さくねん sakunen year before last
   さます samasu wake someone up
   さまざま samazama each, respective
   さめる sameru wake up
   さむい samui cold
   さん san three
   さんがつ sangatsu March
   さんぎょう sangyoo trade、commerce
   さんぽ sanpo a walk
   さら sara dish, plate
   さらいげつ saraigetsu month after next
   さらいねん sarainen year after next
   さらいしゅう saraishuu week after next
   さらりまん sarariman salaried employee
   さる saru leave, depart, drop
   せびろ sebiro man's suit
   せいふ seifu government
   せいじ seiji politics
   せいじがく seijigaku political science
   せいかつ seikatsu livelihood
   せいきNoun seiki century
   せいめい seimei life
   せいねん seinen youth, young man
   せいさひん seishin spirit, psyche
   せいと seito student
   せいざ seiza formal Japanese sitting, on the knees
   せいぞう seizoo manufacturing
   せかい sekai world
   せきにん sekinin responsibility
   せめて semete at least, at a minimum
   せん sen thousand
   せなか senaka back of the body
   せんげつ sengetsu last month
   せんきょ senkyo election
   せんもん senmon specialty, specialization, major
   せんぱい senpai senior student, i.e. having more experience
   せんせい sensei teacher
   せんしゅう senshuu last week
   せんたく sentaku washing machine
   しゃべる shaberu speak
   しゃちょう shachoo company president
   しゃいん shain employees
   しゃかい shakai society, community
   しゃかいがく shakaigaku sociology
   しゃかいかがく shakaikagaku social science
   し shi four
   しあわせ shiawase happiness, bliss
   しばらく shibaraku short interval
   しぶ shibu division
   しち・なな shichi / nana seven
   しちがつ shichigatsu July
   しがつ shigatsu April
   しごと shigoto work
   しかも shikamo moreover
   しかし shikashi but
   しかたがないです shikata ga nai desu cannot be helped, unavoidable
   しかた、しよう shikata, shiyoo way of doing
   しけん shiken test, examination
   しっこう shikkoo samurai, or knee, walking
   しま shima, shimaguni island
   しまう shimau complete, finish [s.t.]
   しんぶん shimbun newspaper
   しめる shimeru close
   しんぼう shinboo patience
   しんじる shinjiru believe
   しんけい shinkei nerves
   しんこん shinkon newlywed
   しんねんおめでとう’ございます shinnen omedetoo gozaimasu Happy New Year
   しんぱい shinpai worry
   しんぽ shinpo progress
   しんせつ shinsetsu kind, considerate
   しんしつ shinshitsu bedroom
   しお shio salt
   しっぱい shippai loss
   しらべる shiraberu investigate
   しらせる shiraseru inform, tell, make known
   しろい shiroi white
   しる shiru know
   しるし shirushi sign, stamp, symbol
   ししゃ shisha subsidiary
   した shita below
   したがう shitagau follow, come after
   したぎ shitagi underwear
   したしい shitashii intimate
   したしみ shitashimi intimacy
   しつもん shitsumon question
   しつれいしました shitsurei shimashita i apologize
   しよう shiyoo use
   しぜん shizen nature
   しずか shizuka na quiet
   しょくどう shokudoo cafeteria
   しょくじ shokuji meal
   しょうばい、しょうぎょう shoobai, shoogyoo business, commerce, trade
   しょうがい shoogai career
   しょうじき shoojiki honesty
   しょうじょ shoojo young girl
   しょうかい shookai introduction
   しょうこ shooko proof, evidence
   しょうねい shoomei proof, evidence
   しょうねん shoonen boy, lad
   しょうらい shoorai future
   しょうせつ shoosetsu a novel, fiction
   しゅじん shujin husband
   しゅくだい shukudai homework
   しゅみ shumi hobby
   しゅんかん shunkan moment
   しゅっぱっつ shuppatsu departure
   しゅるい shurui variety
   しゅう shuu state
   しゅうえき shuueki revenues
   しゅうかん shuukan habit, custom
   しゅうまつ shuumatsu weekend
   しゅうり shuuri repairs
   そば soba next to
   そだてる sodateru raise, rear ( children )
   そだつ sodatsu grow up, be raised ( children )
   そこ soko bottom
   そくど sokudo speed
   そうば sooba market, esp. securities
   そうじ sooji cleaning (house)
   そら sora sky
   それから sorekara and then
   それとも soretomo or
   そしき soshiki organization
   そして soshite and then
   そと soto outside
   そつぎょう sotsugyoo graduation
   すばらしい subarashii splendid
   すがた sugata appearance, face
   すぎる sugiru exceed, go over, pass, elapse
   すごい sugoi awesome
    すごす sugosu pass, spend [a night, money, etc.]
   すいようび suiyoobi wednesday
   すき suki na likable
   すこし sukoshi a little ( bit )
   すくない sukunai few
   すむ sumu reside
   すむ sumu 2 complete, finish
   すりあし suriashi shuffle, slide with the feet
   する suru do
   するどい surudoi sharp
   すすむ susumu make progress
   すうがく suugaku mathematics
   すわる suwaru sit
   すずしい suzushii cool
T
   たべもの tabemono food
   たべる taberu eat
   たび tabi trip, travel
   たぶん tabun probably
   たちば tachiba standpoint
   ただ tada only, just
   ただしい tadashii correct, accurate
   たいど taido attitude
   たいいく taiiku physical education
   たいきゃく taikutsu boredom
   たいくつ taikyaku retreat, withdrawal
   たいした taishita important, serious
   たいよう taiyoo sun
   たかい takai tall, high, expensive
   たく taku home
   たくさん takusan a lot
   たくし takushi taxi
   たまる tamaru endure, put up with
   ため tame sake, reason [for doing s.t.]
   ためす tamesu try out, attempt
   たに tani valley
   たんじょうび tanjoobi birthday
   たのもしい tanomoshii reliable, dependable, trustworthy
   たのむ tanomu ask [ for s.t. ], request
   たのしい tanoshii pleasurable, enjoyable
   たのしみ tanoshimi pleasure
   たんとう tantoo knife, lit. short sword
   たりる tariru be enough, suffice
   たしかめる tashikameru ascertain, make certain, confirm [s.t.]
   たてもの tatemono building
   たてる tateru build, raise
   たとえば tatoeba for example
   たつ tatsu depart
   たつ tatsu 2 stand (up)
   て te hand
   てぶくろ tebukuro gloves
   てえぶる teeburu table
   ていど teido extent, degree, level
   てき teki enemy
   てくび tekubi wrist
   てんかん tenkan turn
   てんき tenki weather
   てんらん tenran exhibition
   てれび terebi TV
   てつだう tetsudau help, assist, lend a hand
   てつがく tetsugaku philosophy
   と to door
   と・じゅう to ( juu ) ten
   とびこむ tobikomu jump into
   とぶ tobu fly, jump
   とち tochi earth, ground
   とけい tokei clock, watch
   とき toki time, hour, occasion
   ときどき tokidoki from time to time, occasionally
   ところ tokoro place
   ところどころ tokorodokoro here and there
   とこや tokoya barber
   とくに toku ni especially, particularly
   とくべつ tokubetsu special
   とくちょう tokuchoo special, characteristic
   とくれい tokurei exception
   ともだち tomodachi friend
   ともなう tomonau accompany
   となり tonari neighbor
   とにかく・ともかく tonikaku / tomokaku in any case
   とうちゃく toochaku arrival
   とおい tooi far, distant
   とうけい tookei statistics
   とうり・どうり toori / doori street, boulevard, avenue
   とうし tooshi investment
   とうぜん toozen, atarimae natural, naturally
   とり tori bird
   とり tori 2 take, grasp
   とりしまりやく torishimariyaku director
   とる toru take
   とし toshi city
   とし toshi 2 year, age
   としょかん toshokan library
   つぶれる tsubureru go bankrupt, be smashed
   つぶす tsubusu break, smash
   つち tsuchi earth
   つぎあし tsugiashi slide with the trailing foot first, then the leading foot
   つごう tsugoo condition, situation, circumstances
   つぐ tsugu follow
   つかれる tsukareru be tired
   つかう tsukau use
   つける tsukeru place, put down
   つき tsuki month, moon
   つく tsuku arrive, stick, affix, follow
   つくえ tsukue desk
   つくる tsukuru make, build
   つまらない tsumaranai trivial
   つまり tsumari after all
   つめたい tsumetai cool
   つもり tsumori intention
   つねに tsune ni always
   つれる tsureru bring / take ( a person )
   つたえる tsutaeru report [s.t.], transmit
   つとめる tsutomeru (office) work
   つうきん tsuukin commute
   つうやく、ほんやく tsuuyaku, honyaku translation
   つよい tsuyoi strong
U
   うち uchi house
   うち uchi 2 strike
   うで ude arm
   うえ ue above, on top
   うえる ueru raise, rear ( plants, etc )
   うごく ugoku move
   うけ uke receive, i.e. person being thrown, the attacker
   うけみ ukemi art of attacking, following and taking the fall
   うける ukeru receive
   うっかりと ukkari to carelessly
   うま uma horse
   うまれる umareru be born
   うみ umi sea, ocean
   うむ umu give birth, bear
   うんどう undoo exercise, movement
   うんてん unten driving
   うら ura entry to the back
   うらぐ uragu betray
   うらやましい urayamashii envious
   うらやむ urayamu envy
   うる uru sell [s.t.]
   うし ushi cow
   うしなう ushinau lose
   うしろ ushiro entry to the back
   うそ uso lie
   うた uta song
   うたう utau sing
   うつsくしい utsukushii beautiful
   うつる utsuru move (house, home)
   うつす utsusu move [s.t.]
V
W
   は wa (notional) subject particle
   わだい wadai conversation topic
   わいふ waifu wife
   わかい wakai young
   わかもの wakamono youth, young person
   わかる wakaru think (in the sense of believing [s.t.]
   わかす wakasu boil (water, etc.)
   わけ wake meaning, reason [ to do s.t. ]
   わける wakeru divide, separate
   わく waku [s.t.] boils (soup, water, etc.)
   わらう warau laugh
   わりびき waribiki discount
   わるい warui bad
   わすれる wasureru forget
   わたくし・わたし watashi I
   わざ waza technique
   わざわざ wazawaza on purpose
X
Y
   や ya and
   やける yakeru roast, BBQ [s.t.]
   やく yaku burn
   やくしょ yakusho government office
   やくそく yakusoku promise
   やくわり、きのう yakuwari, kinoo function, feature, role
   やま yama mountain
   やめる yameru stop, cease
   やる yaru do
   やさい yasai vegetables
   やさしい yasashii easy, gentle
   やせる yaseru become thin, diet
   やすい yasui cheap, inexpensive
   やすみ yasumi rest, relaxation, vacation
   やすむ yasumu rest
   やっつ yattsu eight
   やわらかい yawarakai soft, flexible
   よのなか yo ( no naka ) ( in this ) world
   よぶ yobu call ( someone )
   よい yoi good
   よこ yoko side
   よこになる yoko ni naru lie down
   よむ yomu read
   ようふく yoofuku (Western) clothes
   よろこぶ yorokobu rejoice, be happy
   よろこんで yorokonde happily, gladly
   よさん yosan budget
   よてい yotei schedule
   ょっつ yottsu four
   よわい yowai weak
   ゆび yubi finger
   ゆき yuki snow
   ゆきさき yukisaki destination
   ゆっくりと yukkuri to slowly
   ゆめ yume dream
   ゆれる yureru wobble, sway
   ゆるす yurusu allow [s.t.], permit
   ゆたかな yutaka na prosperous
   ゆうべ yuube last night
   ゆうびんきょく yuubin, yuubinkyoku mail, post office
   ゆうがた yuugata twilight
   ゆうめい yuumei famous
   ゆうしょく yuushoku dinner
   ゆうわく yuuwaku seduction
Z
   ざんねん zannen regrets
   ざんしん zanshin connection or focus
   ざっし zasshi magazine
   ぜいたく zeitaku luxury
   ぜんぶ、ぜんたい zenbu, zentai all of it, the whole
   ぜんぶ、ぜんたい zenzen wholly, entirely, totally, completely, (not) at all
   ぞう zoo elephant
   ずぼん zubon pants, trousers
   ずつ zutsu each